Main Article Content

Madhulekha Shukla
Sunita Arya


Chloride ions, Mohr method, Argentometric, Ganga River, silver nitrate, industrial effluent


Purpose of the study:The purpose of this present study was determine the concentration of chloride ion in water sample which collected different site and season of river Ganga.Chloride ions in the environment can come from sodium chloride or from other chloride salts such as potassium chloride, calcium chloride and magnesium chloride.

Methodology:Water sample was collected from different site(Bithor ghat, Siddnath ghat and Dhoni ghat) and different season(Pre monsoon, Monsoon and post monsoon) of river Ganga from Kanpur in 2016-2018 year. Mohr method (Argentometric method) was a very simple and highly selective method for the determination of chloride ion (Cl-) using silver nitrate as the titrant.

Main Findings: In both the years 2016 till 2018, chloride concentration was within the limit at testing sites. 

Applications of this study:To create awareness among the people to maintain the Ganga river water at its highest quality and purity levels.

Originality: This project was done in the D G P G College C S J M University, Kanpur India.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 717 | PDF Downloads 2916


1. Evans, M. and C. Frick. 2001. The effects of road salts on aquatic ecosystems. NWRI Contribution Series No. 02:308, National Water Research Institute and University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.
2. Hale, R.L and Groffman, P.M. 2006. Chloride effects on nitrogen dynamics in forested and suburban stream debris dams. Journal of Environmental Quality 35: 2425-2432.
3. Holland, A.J., A.K. Gordon and W.J. Muller. 2010. Osmoregulation in freshwater invertebrates in response to exposure to salt pollution. Report to the Water Research Commission. Unilever Centre for Environmental Water Quality, Institute for Water Research, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, South Africa. December 2010. 60 pp.
4. Karraker, N. E. 2008. Impacts of road deicing salts on amphibians and their habitats.In Mitchell, C.J. and Jung Brown, R.E. (ed.) Urban Herpetology 183-196.Massachusetts Water Watch Partnership. 2006. Fact sheets.
5. Meador, M. R. and D. M. Carlisle. 2007. Quantifying tolerance indicator values for common stream fish species of the United States. Ecological Indicators 7:329‐338.
6. Mayer, T., Snodgrass, W.J., and Morin, D. 1999. Spatial Characterization of the Occurrence of Road Salts and Their Environmental Concentrations as Chlorides in Canadian Surface Waters and Benthic Sediments. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 34: 545-574.
7. WHO (World Health Organization). 2003. Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality: Chloride in Drinking-water. World Health Organization.