Purpose of the study: Purpose of the study to meta-analysis on trends of adolescent delinquency behavior. This analysis was taken to obtain hypothesis and map analysis of theories trends of adolescent delinquency behavior as the foundation of the theory of research on the tendency of adolescent delinquency behavior in Islamic Education Institution of Ponorogo Regency.

Methodology: The research methods are: a) library research, b) inclusion criteria are: first, the primary study of the behavior of juvenile delinquents, second, research reports that require statistical information, third, research gaps and maps from various journals totaling 89, 3) data analysis to change the F value to t, d and r, sampling error and measurement error correction.

Main Findings: The primary studies there is a positive relationship between social cohesion and behaviour delinquency, errors in sampling of 3.634% and error in the measurement of 0.22%.The results of empirical research that the tendency of adolescent delinquency is influenced by the parental environment and no empirical research support is influenced by the religious environment of Pesantren, religious friendship, and psychosocial control.

Applications of this study: This research can be useful for adolescents who develop in Pesantren through religious environments, religious friendships, and psychosocial control. This research in Ponorogo District, East Java, Indonesia which consisted of 88 Pesantren (in the form of Salafy, ‘Ashry and combinations) from 161 high schools. This meta-analysis is to find out empirical and not empirical research to develop research theory.

Novelty/Originality of this study: Social bonding is reflected in the psychology of adolescent development, as important element for understanding and constructing theories about adolescent delinquency behaviour. Social cohesion, social control and psychosocial control assumes that the behaviour tendencies delinquency adolescents is influenced by internal and environmental factors such as religiosity boarding school, religiosity family, and religiosity friendship.


  1. Afandi, K.N., Tjahjono, H.K. & Palupi, M. (2017). The Model of Spiritual Well Being in Indonesia. Proceedings of the 29th International Business Information Management Association Conference.
  2. Agustiani, H. (2009). Psikologi Perkembangan (Pendekatan Ekologi Kaitannya dengan Konsep Diri dan Penyesuaian Diri pada Remaja). Bandung: PT Refika Aditama.
  3. Arikunto. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.
  4. Azwar, S. (2009). Penyusunan Skala Psikologi, Edisi ke I, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
  5. Brasher, Later, J. (2010) Parents’ Reactions to Their Adolescents’ Delinquency, Dissertation, America: Capella University
  6. Cheung, Nicole W.T., Yuet W. Cheung. (2008). Self-Control, Social Factors, and Delinquency: A Test of the General Theory of Crime among Adolescents in Hong Kong. J. Youth Adolescence. 37: 412-430.
  7. Gottfredson, M.R. and T. Hirschi. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  8. Hirschi, T. (2006). Causes of Delinquency. Barkeley: University of California Press.
  9. Hunter, John E., & Schmidt, Frank L. (1990). Methods of Meta-Analysis: Correcting Error and Bias in Research Findings. Newbury Park, CA: Sage
  10. Hurlock, Elizabeth B. (2006), Development Psychology, a Life Span Approach, Fifth Edition, McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  11. Jalaluddin. (2012). Psikologi Agama. Jakarta: Raja Grapinda Persada.
  12. Kartono, Kartini. (2006). Patologi Sosial 2 Kenakalan Remaja, Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.
  13. Katz, Abigail Sherman. (2009). A Multi-Level Analysis of the Relationship of School Socioeconomic Status to Adolescent Delinquent Behavior. Dissertation, Walthan Massachusetts, Brondeis University.
  14. Messina, James J. & Messina, Constance M. (2003). Developing Self-Control. http://www.coping.org/control/selfcont.htm.
  15. Miller, Kathleen E., Melnick, Merrill J., Barnes, Grace M., Sabo, Don, & Farrell, Michael P.(2007). Athletic Involvement and Adolescent Delinquency, Youth Adolescence 36: 711-723.
  16. Monica Y. Flores. (2010). Delinquency Prevention Program for Latino Youth, Tesis, LongBeach: California State University.
  17. Nata, Abuddin. (2001). Paradigma Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Grasindo.
  18. Nurjan, S., Tjahjono, H.K. & Yamin, M.N. (2017). Trends in the Adolescent Delinquency Behavior at the Institute of Islamic Education Ponorogo District. The Complexity of Managing Local Government in Selected ASEAN Countries. Asia Pacific Society for Public Affairs.
  19. Nurjan, S., Tjahjono, H. K., & Yamin, M. N. (2017). Comparative Study on Adolescent Behavior Delinquency at the Institute of Islamic Education Ponorogo. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Epistemology of Islamic Education to Strengthen Nationalism.
  20. Palupi, M. & Tjahjono, H.K. (2016). A.Model of Religiosity and Organizational Justice: The Impact on Commitment and Dysfunctional Behavior. Proceedings of the 27th International Business Information Management Association Conference.
  21. Papalia, D.E., Olds, S.W. & Feldman, R.D. (2004). Human Development. Edisi ke-9 New York: McGraw Hill Companies Inc.
  22. Ponorogo. (2015). Data Statistics Ministry of Religious Affairs Ponorogo.
  23. Rifa’i, Aan Fauzi. (2009). Kenakalan Remaja Di Kalangan Santri Putra Di Asrama Diponegoro Pondok Pesantren Yayasan Ali Maksum Krapyak Yogyakarta: Fakultas Tarbiyah UIN Sunan Kalijaga
  24. Santrock, Jhon W. (2007). Adolescence, (Terj: Shinto B. Adeler & Sherly Saragih), Jakarta: Erlangga.
  25. Sarlito, S. W. (2008). Psikologi Remaja, Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.
  26. Sinton, Meghan M. at all. (2012). Psychosocial Correlates of Shape and Weight Concerns In Overweight Pre-Adolescents, J. Youth Adolescence, 41: 67-75.
  27. Turner, Heather A, Finkelhor, David & Ormrod, Richard (2007). Predictors of Receiving Counseling in a National Sample of Youth: The Relative Influence of Symptoms, Victimization Exposure, Parent-Child Conflict, and Delinquency, Empirical Research, Youth Adolescence, 36: 861-876
  28. Ulmer, Jeffery T. (2010). Teenage Religiosity and Changes in Marijuana Use during the Transition to Adulthood. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research on Religion, Vol. 6, Article. 3.
  29. Warr, Mark. (2007). the Tangled Web: Delinquency, Deception, and Parental Attachment, Original Paper, Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin USA, 36: 607-662.
  30. Xiong, Zha Blong, Rettig, Kathryn D., & Tuicomepee, Arunya. (2008). Differences in Nonshared Individual, School, and Family Variables Between Delinquent and Nondelinquent Hmong Adolescents, The Journal of psychology, 142(4), 337-355.
  31. Yasmar, Renti. (2009). Bimbingan dan Konseling terhadap Siswi Bermasalah di Madrasah Mu’allimat Muhammadiyah, Yogyakarta: Fakultas Tarbiyah UIN Sunan Kalijaga.