Main Article Content
Linguistics, Language, Value, Anti-value, Axiological Phraseological Unit, Similar Image, Specific Image
Purpose of the Study: The article discusses values and anti-values in the figurative phraseological units of the Russian and German languages. The object of the research is phraseological units of the Russian and German languages that have similar and specific images. The subject of the research is hedonistic and material-utilitarian values and anti-values contained in the Russian and German figurative phraseological units.
Methodology: The relevance of the study is due to the spiritual needs of modern society. The analysis of phraseological units in the axiological aspect is motivated by the anthropological orientation of modern linguistics where the language is considered in close connection with the consciousness and thinking of a person, their spiritual world, values, and anti-values. The research methods are the following: descriptive method, analysis of lexicographical interpretations, and etymology of the Russian and German phraseological units; the method of component analysis to research the structure of meaning of studied units; the method of conceptual and interpretative analysis.
Results: Hedonistic and material-utilitarian values and anti-values are represented by the Russian and German phraseological units that have similar images in their composition, which is due to the common source of the origin of phraseological units, and specific images associated with the Russian and German cultures.
Application: Research results can be helpful for the German language training and professional activities of translators and linguists.
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